Common Mental Health Disorders
Mental health symptoms can be confusing. Understanding common mental health disorders can help you recognize and address your situation more clearly. At Anne Huebner & Associations, our caring psychologists and therapists are here to help you with an accurate diagnosis and effective therapy strategies to help you feel better.
Called Major Depressive Disorder and the common cold of mental disorders, depression is typically diagnosed when you have experienced a low or sad mood and lack of motivation for two full weeks. At least four other symptoms must be occur such as fatigue, feeling worthless or guilty, difficulty concentrating or making decisions, suicidal thoughts, increased irritability, tearfulness, feeling sluggish or on edge, or changes in appetite with weight loss or weight gain.
This disorder is sometimes called a mild depression since a few days of normal mood are interspersed with typical depression symptoms. Dysthymia is diagnosed when you have experienced a depressed or low mood most of the day or for a majority of days over a two-year time span. Two more symptoms such as low self-esteem, fatigue, sleep or appetite changes, poor concentration, and feeling hopeless must also be present during this time frame.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
This anxiety disorder involves uncontrollable, excessive worry and anxiety about situations such as different physical sensations or issues, what others think, and future problems you may have. Other symptoms include feeling edgy, muscle tension, irritability, difficulty concentrating, and insomnia.
Panic attacks are brief periods of extreme fear and physical discomfort, and they may be diagnosed with or without — a fearful feeling in social settings where you feel little sense of control. The intense symptoms of a panic attack involve rapid heartbeat, sweating, shortness of breath, feeling of choking, chest pain or tightness, nausea or abdominal distress, feeling dizzy or light-headed, chills or flushes, numbness or tingling, fear of dying, or a fear of “going crazy.”
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
A diagnosis of PTSD occurs when you have experienced an extremely stressful event such as a life-threatening situation, severe illness, physical violence, or sexual violence. Additional distressing symptoms include:
Re-experiencing or re-living the trauma through dreams, memories, thoughts, or sensations
A tendency to avoid thoughts, feelings, or situations related to the trauma
Increased anxiety symptoms such as insomnia, irritability, feeling “on edge,” difficulty concentrating
Thinking negatively about yourself, others, and the future
Feeling detached from yourself and others, and a lack of interest in previously enjoyed activities
These post-traumatic symptoms may occur immediately after a severe stressor, or they may occur weeks or even years later.
Your symptoms are unique to you and may vary from those described here. There are more than 200 classified forms of mental illness. Together, we can evaluate your concerns and develop a treatment plan to help you manage your symptoms and feel better. Call us today at 262-786-9184.